[Unpad.ac.id, 2/12/2013] Despite its most important role in social mobility and economic improvement, urbanization is often associated with overwhelming social problems that cities may encounter. Therefore, effective management of urbanization needs to be implemented immediately in order to reduce the its negative impacts.
“Pros and cons depend on our points of view. Urbanization is undeniably unstoppable. It is an inherent part of socio-economic development,” said a professor of planology from Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Tomy Firman, when giving a talk at the BIES Economic Dialog “Urbanization: Hope or Impoverishment?”, organized by the Center for Economics and Development Studies (CEDS) Faculty of Business and Economics (FEB), Indonesia Project, The Australian National University, Indonesian Economics Scholar Association (ISEI) of West Java Province, and the Independent Journalist Alliance (AJI) Bandung.
Presenting prominent experts, namely Prof. Chris Manning (The Australian National University), Dr. Devanto Pratomo (Universitas Brawijaya), Prof. Tommy Firman (Institut Teknologi Bandung), Dr. Kodrat Wibowo (FEB Unpad/ISEI Jabar), and Indrasari Tjandraningsing (Akatiga), BIES Economic Dialogue elaborated research result by Prof. Chris Manning and Dr. Devanto entitled “Do Migrants Get Stuck in the Informal Sector? Findings from a Household Survey in Four Indonesian Cities”.
Professor Manning argued that the most important aspect of social mobility is the migration of the people from the villages to cities. Urbanization can be considered negative when it is highly uncontrolled, better known with the term over-urbanization. Such urbanization can lead to overpopulation, traffic congestion, increasing informal sector vendors, etc.
Urbanization, however, is needed for it can be seen as one means to anticipate technological advancement and a more dynamic people’s economy. According to Devanto whose research was held Tangerang, Makassar, Medan and Samarinda, the migrants in the cities do not make their livings only at informal sectors. “It is very likely that they would shift to formal sectors with excellent adaptation and trainings,” said Devanto. Due to urbanization, the migrants’ second generation can have better economic condition as they can gain sufficient education, better than their parents’.
Responding Devanto, Wibowo and Firman argued that such appropriate urbanization is resulted from control on migrant distribution and their qualification, in addition to increase in professionalism.