Prof. Armida S. Alisjahbana: SDGs Coordination in Indonesia Is Not Fast Enough
[Unpad.ac.id, 14/03/2016] Last February, The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) appointed Professor of Faculty of Economy and Business, Prof. Dr. Armida S. Alisjahbana, SE., MA., as one of UN Independent Advisor Team members.
The formation of this independent team is in order to provide recommendations in supporting restructuring of the United Nations in the implementation of the shared SDGs agenda of various countries in the world in September 2015 ago. Since the implementation of SDGs is fairly ambitious and holistic, the restructuring of the United Nations as an organization of the world is absolutely essential.
According to Prof. Armida, restructuring is undertaken to update the functions and organizational structure of the United Nations. Since founded in 1945, the institutional structure of the UN is considered to be frivolous, because it has been “patchy” during the journey. The member states and world experts have agreed to determine that condition of the current UN organization would not be able to support the implementation of SDGs.
The independent team, said Prof. Armida, was composed of former presidents, former government officials, former ministers, academics, and representatives of the Civil Society Organization (CSO). There were six recommendations given by independent team in effort to restructure the UN.
“Six of the recommendations include the role of the UN, funding, organizational, governance, impact on achieving the SDGs, and partnership,” said the Former Minister of State for National Development Planning/Head of Bappenas 2009-2014 during the PR Unpad interview.
The independent team, led by co-chairs Juan Somavia from Chile and Klaus Töpfer from Germany, would be involved in consultation process to ensure careful consideration of proposals and perspectives of all stakeholders. It would include various discussions with UN Member States, UN agencies, bureau of governing bodies, representatives of civil society, private sector, and other non-governmental stakeholders.
Prof. Armida would also bring perspective from her service as Head of Bappenas in the team. According to her, Indonesia currently growing as middle income country has enhanced development cooperation. Everything was well coordinated and under a cooperation scope.
“The cooperation is already referring to RPJMN, and we, Bappenas, at that time, had drafted cooperation agenda while other countries have not, “said Prof. Armida.
With recommendation of an advisor independent team, the UN could be more actively involved in supporting implementation of SDGs through more appropriate institutional governance. Thus, implementation of SDGs across the countries could also be expedited. In Indonesia, according to Prof. Armida, SDGs should be able to be quickly applied.
“I believe that coordination of the MDGs in Indonesia is still not fast enough. We need to improve the speed if we want to succeed, “she said.
Implementation agenda of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consists of 17 goals and 169 targets. Focusing on the pillars of economic, social, governance and environmental development, Prof. Armida explained that the implementation of these SDGs should be done as single entity.
Furthermore, Prof. Armida explained, alleviation of poverty, human resources, and sustainable development were the major agenda that must be implemented by all countries.
“These three aspects were often overlooked and therefore must become focus immediately,” said the professor was born in Bandung, August 16, 1960.
Three of these aspects require cooperation of various parties, including academics. Thus over strong encouragement of the university, Prof. Armida and Arief Anshory Yusuf, M.Sc., PhD., (Lecturer of FEB) and Dr. Zuzy Anna, M.Si., (Lecturer of FPIK), were in the middle of initiating SDGs Studies Center at Universitas Padjadjaran. This research center would contribute in supporting implementation of SDGs in Indonesia through academic study.
“Higher education is key; we should not assumet the government can do everything,” said Prof. Armida.
Initial agenda of this research center was to create a base line of 169 indicators SDGs program academically. These base lines would later used for Unpad academics to conduct research related to SDGs. She hoped that academics from various disciplines could also contribute to conducting research related SDGs.
In addition, the next agenda was to determine the characteristic of the center study of Unpad SDGs. “We definitely will focus on poverty and green accounting assisted by friends from various disciplines at Universitas Padjadjaran. Hopefully within the next 2 or3 months, this SDGs Center will be launched, “said Prof. Armida.*
Reported by Arief Maulana / eh